Civilizations are defined by many things and architecture is one of them. And providing that the time from the first civilization till now is immense, the style and architecture varies simply accordingly. The top ten oldest structures that are still gracing the Mother Earth are as follows.
1. Hindu Temple – Prambanan
Built in 850 AD, this beautiful place of worship was constructed to show the victorious rule of Hindus on Java Island. Nearly 47m high, it serves as a tribute to Trimutri – an expression used in Hinduism for God, comprising of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. Correspondingly, Prambanan has three temples for each. It is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia and considered as one of the largest temples in south-east Asia.
2. Ladakh Monastery – Lamayuru
At a height of 3,510m, this Gompa or monastery is believed to be founded in the 11th century. It used to house more than 400 monks who belonged to Red-Hat sect of Buddhism. Now it houses almost 150 monks. The monastery, though ancient, still contains a collection of rich paintings and various shrines. Every year, this largest Gompa in Ladakh hosts masked dance festival.
3. The County of Pingyao
Established in the 14th century, this place is fine example of a traditional Han Chinese city. Lying in the Shanxi province of China, Pingyao served the purpose of being a financial centre for the country and was known for banking. Currently this ancient city comes under the UNESCO world Heritage Sites and is a famous tourist attraction.
4. Temple of the Sun
Constructed in 150 AD, The Temple of Bacchus in Baalbek, Lebanon, is also referred to as the Temple of the Sun by neoclassical visitors. This temple was a tribute to Bacchus, also called Dionysus, who was the Roman God of Wine. It has 42 columns in total, 8 up each front and 15 on each side. This temple is one of the best preserved temples in the world.
5. The Church of St. George – The Victorious
This Church, dating back to the 4th Century, is also called Rotunda due to its round central part. Read the full story